Industrial image processing is mostly based on the use of (several) special cameras or imaging systems installed within the production line. The second obligatory component of industrial image processing is a highly efficient image processing computer.

The individual cameras are configured for the respective application via variable computer interfaces. Accessories for industrial image processing are e.g. sensors that trigger the camera or camera rails on which cameras are moved.

Decisive for industrial image processing is not only the resolution as such, expressed in the number of pixels. The pixel size and form are also important, as well as the sensitivity and the image rate, and the possibility to control exposure, the trigger features and the ability of the cameras to perform partial scan.

Industrial image processing allows for real-time efficient product monitoring during the manufacturing process. Also at high speeds, industrial image processing is able to guarantee an exact recording. The cameras along the production line can also be placed where there is no access for people, like in areas with too high/too low temperatures or in toxic environments.